Gamma Ray Spectrum by Software Methods for Radioactive Waste
Keywords:Radioactive waste, Exposure and Dose Rate, High purity germanium, Gamma spectroscopy
The requirements of NTD (Neglected Tropical Diseases) and technological regulations for the operation of NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) power units (NP-001-97 (OPB-88/97), NP-082-07) define the requirements for monitoring the specific activity of iodine-131 (the amount of iodine) in the NPP primary circuit coolants. The advantages of laboratory control include accuracy of measurement and the radionuclide composition of the primary coolant, measured using high-precision laboratory equipment. Instrumental spectra were obtained for the detection units BDKG-205m with various options for the placement of waste in a container, their composition, mass of waste, average density, and various activity levels of waste. The basic idea behind gamma-ray spectroscopy is to detect and analyze the energy of incident gamma rays. Gamma rays of varying energy and intensity are emitted from radioactive sources. The gamma-ray energy spectrum is produced when gamma rays are detected and examined using a spectroscopy instrument. The initial stage in gamma-ray spectroscopy is to detect gamma rays using a suitable detector. The detector captures and measures the energy of incoming gamma rays. Scintillation detectors, semiconductor detectors, and gas-filled detectors are among the detectors used in gamma-ray spectroscopy. The incoming gamma-ray energy is converted into electrical signals that can be processed and studied by these detectors. The spectroscopic system measures and records the energy of gamma rays when they are detected. The derived energy spectrum depicts the intensity distribution of gamma rays as a function of energy. The spectrum is a visual representation of the different energy levels found in gamma-ray emission.
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Copyright (c) 2023 M. W. Alhamd, Sadeq Naeem Atiyah, Firas Taqi almusawi, Mazen Katea Al-Gharrawy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.