A Review on the Friction Stir Brazing for Joining Dissimilar Materials
Keywords:Friction stir brazing;, Joint microstructure;, Joint strength;
Friction stir brazing (FSB) is a new technology developed for its ability to join similar and dissimilar metals and alloys resulting in a joint with considerable characteristics through the use of interlayer (braze) material under the action of a pinless rotating tool and other FSB parameters. The frictional heat during FSB is responsible for the melting of the braze material between the two workpieces, while the shoulder action must be satisfactory for the extrusion of the excess braze liquid phase depending on the FSB parameters used. The parameters of FSB also have a considerable impact on the microstructure and mechanical characteristics of friction stir brazed (FSBed) joints. Sound interfacial bonding can be observed in the central zone of FSBed joints, where intermetallic compounds (IMCs) can be formed by direct diffusion among the dissimilar workpieces after extrusion of liquid phase rather than by mechanical mixing or solidification of braze material. Increasing the transverse speed at a constant rotational speed has an influence on the peak temperature, but it remarkably reduces the holding time owing to the increased cooling rate. The use of vibration in the FSB increments the fluidity of the molten braze material among the joining workpieces resulting in a more homogeneous distribution of IMCs particles. In this review article, FSB parameters, bonding mechanisms, as well as the microstructure, and mechanical properties of FSBed joints are reviewed.
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