A Review on Recent Advances in Materials of Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Perovskite Solar Cells


  • Kawther A. Kalaph Medical College, Ibn Sina University of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences – Iraq
  • Aqel Mashot Jafar Solar Energy Research Centre, Renewable Energy Directorate, Higher Education and Scientific Research Ministry – Iraq
  • Nisreen Kh. Abdalameer Department of Physics, College of science for woman, University of Baghdad – Iraq
  • Amar Moula Hmood Materials Researches Directorate, Ministry of Science and Technology – Iraq




Perovskite, Lead-free metal halide, Solar cells


This study is an emphasis on the metal halide perovskite solar cells that are susceptible to factors that influence their power conversion efficiency (PCE). Perovskite solar cells, also known as PSCs, have been shown to have a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) due to a number of various factors. As they reached a power conversion efficiency of 25%, solar cells based on metal halide perovskite were a game-changer in the quest for photovoltaic performance. A flurry of activity in the fields of structure design, materials chemistry, process engineering, and device physics has helped the solid-state perovskite solar cell to become a leading contender for the next generation of solar energy harvesters in the world today. This follows up on the ground-breaking development of the solid-state perovskite solar cell in 2012. This cell has a higher efficiency compared to commercial silicon or other organic and inorganic solar cells, as well as a lower cost of materials and processes. However, it has the disadvantage that these high efficiencies can only be obtained with lead-based perovskites, which increases the cost of the cell. As a result of this fact, a new study area on lead-free metal halide perovskites was established, and it is now exhibiting a remarkable degree of vibrancy. This provided us with the impetus to review this burgeoning area of research and discuss possible alternative elements according to current theoretical and practical investigations that might be utilized to replace lead in metal halide perovskites as well as the features of the perovskite materials that correspond to these elements.




How to Cite

Kalaph, K. A., Jafar, A. M., Abdalameer, N. K., & Hmood, A. M. (2022). A Review on Recent Advances in Materials of Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Perovskite Solar Cells. Iraqi Journal of Industrial Research, 9(2), 148–158. https://doi.org/10.53523/ijoirVol9I2ID181



Applied Science Section